I CODE SLI Contactless Smart Card

The I CODE SLI contactless smart card is based on NXP SL2 IC S20, which is connected to a coil with a few turns and then embedded into plastic. The communication layer complies with ISO/ICE15693 standard. It is contactless transmission of data and energy and no battery is needed. I. CODE SLI contactless card is a dedicated chip for intelligent label applications requiring a worldwide standardized infrastructure like supply chain management, baggage and parcel identification in airline and mail services etc.

• Model : I. CODE SLI
• Frequency : 13.56MHz
• Protocol : ISO15693
• EEPROM Size : 1024 bits
• Material : PVC
• Temperature : -20° – +50°
• Dimension : 85.6 × 54 × 0.86 ( mm )

Contact Smart Card

Contact Smart Card
Smart cards are credit card-sized plastic cards that contain relatively large amounts of information in an imbedded micro-chip. Smart cards differ from magnetic stripe cards in two ways: the amount of information that can be stored is much greater, and some smart cards can be reprogrammed to add, delete or rearrange data.
There are several terms used to identify cards with integrated circuits embedded in them. The terms “chip card,” “integrated circuit card”, and “smart card” really all refer to the same thing.
There are two types of smart card. The first is really a “dumb” card in that it only contains memory. These cards are used to store information. Examples of this might include stored value cards where the memory stores a dollar value which the user can spend in a variety of transactions. Examples might be pay phone, retail, or vending machines. Another example of a “dumb” card is the memory that is plugged into a Personal Computer (PC Card – used to be called PCMCIA).
The second type of card is a true “smart” card where a microprocessor is embedded in the card along with memory. Now the card actually has the ability to make decisions about the data stored on the card. The card is not dependent on the unit in which it is plugged to make the application work. A smart purse or multi-use card is possible with this technology.
Smart cards are the technology of choice when fairly large databases must travel with an individual or an object. For instance, a version of smart card technology is used to record service histories for automobiles. The data travels on a small tag on the owner’s key ring. It can be reprogrammed, updated and accessed whenever the vehicle is serviced with any of that company’s dealers.
As there is a microprocessor on the card, various methods can be used to prevent access to the information on the card to provide a secure environment. This security has been touted as the main reason that smart cards will replace other card technologies.
The microprocessor type smart card comes in two flavors – the contact version and the contactless version. Both types of card have the microprocessor embedded in the card, the contact version having gold contacts on the surface of the card to provide the electrical connection.
Smart cards are not new, the first patent was filed in France in 1974 and the first cards were used in France in 1982. The technology was rapidly accepted in Europe because the high cost of telecommunications made on-line verification of transactions very expensive. The smart card provided the mechanism to move that verification off line, reducing the cost without sacrificing any of the security. In the United States, telecommunication costs have always been low compared to other countries. This meant that the impetus to implement smart cards has taken longer to reach the momentum needed.
The possible benefits of the acceptance of smart card technology depend on the application in use. However, the ability to move large amounts of data with little or no increase in the security of the data will lead to many new applications being created that we haven’t even begun to think about.

Collecting RFID Data

Collecting RFID Data
There are a number of different ways to collect RFID data to be sent to WAWF. You could apply RFID inlays to each container and then read the tags with a handheld scanner, or as they pass through a reader portal. If palletizing, you could place the tagged containers on a pallet wrapper and read the RFIDs as the pallet spins around.
The easiest way to collect RFID data is to record the contents of each container as its RFID-enabled container label is being printed. As the CLIN, quantity and UII data being printed on the label, they can easily be associated with the label’s RFID. This information can then be entered into WAWF manually, or submitted to WAWF as an EDI-856 transaction through an automated electronic process.
The use of a container label for RFID purposes departs from Mil-Std-129R’s recommendation to use the address label as the RF-tag carrier. However, this is merely a recommendation, and contractors are free to use “a separate location on the shipment”.
It may be necessary to affix the tag outside of the acceptable address/identification area due to the contents of the container, which can interfere with the radio waves interrogating the RFID antenna.

Smart Card Overview

Smart Card Evolution
Information technology is evolving at an amazing pace. Personal computers, fax machines, pagers, PDAs, and cell phones are in the hands of millions of people worldwide.Interest in smart card technology soared in Europe in the 1990s, and since then the number and variety of smart card-based applications have increased around the world. Some factors driving the growing interest in smart cards include the declining cost of smart cards and the growing concern that magnetic stripe cards cannot provide the protections necessary to thwart fraud and security breaches. The security issue alone may propel smart card technology to the forefront of business transactions.

Types of Smart Cards
The term “smart card” is loosely used to describe any card that is capable of relating information to a particular application such as magnetic stripe cards, optical cards, memory cards, and microprocessor cards. It is correct, however, to refer to memory and microprocessor cards as smart cards.
*Magnetic stripe cards. A magnetic stripe card has a strip of magnetic tape material attached to its surface. This is the standard technology used for bank cards and can only store data which cannot be updated.
*Optical cards. Optical cards use some form of laser to read and write to the card.
*Memory cards. Memory cards can store a variety of data, including financial, personal, and specialized information, but cannot process information.
*Microprocessor cards. Smart cards with microprocessors look like standard plastic cards, but are equipped with an embedded Integrated Circuit (IC) chip. They can store information, carry out local processing on the data stored, and perform complex calculations. These cards take the form of either “contact” cards (which require a card reader) or “contactless” cards (which use radio frequency signals to operate).

The Microprocessor Smart Card
The microprocessor smart card is defined as an IC chip contact card with a microprocessor and memory. The size of a credit card, this smart card contains a dime-sized microchip that can process and store thousands of bits of electronic data. Unlike passive devices (such as a memory card or magnetic stripe card) that can only store information, the microprocessor smart card is active and able to process data in reaction to a given situation.

This capability to record and modify information in its own non-volatile, physically protected memory makes the smart card a powerful and practical tool – smart cards are small and portable, they can interact with computers and other automated systems, and the data they carry can be updated instantaneously.

How Many Smart Cards Are Out There?
Smart cards are used by millions of cardholders worldwide and are at work processing point-of-sale transactions, managing records, protecting computers, and securing facilities.

History of Smart Cards

History of Smart Cards
Milestones in the development of smart card technology:

1970 – Dr. Kunitaka Arimura of Japan filed the first and only patent on the smart card concept.

1974 – Roland Moreno of France filed the original patent for the IC card, later dubbed the “smart card”.

1977 – Three commercial manufacturers, Bull CP8, SGS Thomson, and Schlumberger began developing the IC card.

1979 – Motorola developed the first secure single chip microcontroller for use in French banking.

1982 – Field testing of serial memory phone cards took place in France – the world’s first major IC card test.

1984 – Field trials of ATM bank cards with chips were successfully conducted.

1986 – 14,000 cards equipped with the Bull CP8 were distributed to clients of the Bank of Virginia and the Maryland National Bank. 50,000 Casio cards were distributed to clients of First National Palm Beach Bank and the Mall Bank.

1987 – First large-scale smart card application implemented in the United States with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s nationwide Peanut Marketing Card.

1991 – First Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) smart card project launched for the Wyoming Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

1992 – A nationwide prepaid (electronic purse) card project (DANMONT) was started in Denmark.

1993 – Field test of multi-function smart card applications in Rennes, France, where the Telecarte function (for public phones) was enabled in a Smart Bank Card.

1994 – Europay, MasterCard, and Visa (EMV) published joint specifications for global microchip-based bank cards (smart cards).

Germany began issuance of 80 million serial memory chip cards as citizen health cards.

1995 – Over 3 million digital mobile phone subscribers worldwide begin initiating and billing calls with smart cards.

The first of 40,000 multi-functional, multi-technology MARC cards with chips were issued to U.S. Marines in Hawaii.

1996 – Over 1.5 million VISACash stored value cards were issued at the Atlanta Olympics.

MasterCard and Visa began sponsorship of competing consortia to work on solving the problems of smart card interoperability. Two different card solutions were developed: the Java Card backed by Visa, and the Multi-application Operating System (MULTOS) backed by MasterCard.

1998 – The U.S. Government’s General Services Administration and the United States Navy joined forces and implemented a nine-application smart card system and card management solution at the Smart Card Technology Center in Washington, D.C. The Technology Center’s primary purpose is to demonstrate and evaluate the integration of multi-application smart cards with other types of technology, showcasing systems available for use in the Federal Government.

Microsoft announced its new Windows smart card operating system.

France began piloting a smart health card for its 50 million citizens.

1999 – Smart Access Common ID Project. Federal agencies to acquire a standard, interoperable employee identification card. The U.S. Government (General Services Administration) starts true multi-application Java card pilot in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.

2012 – Millions of PIV and CAC cards deployed in the U.S.

RFID Smart Card Standards

RFID Smart Card Standards
We highly recommend sticking to standards wherever they materialize. Sticking to standards is the best way to design a modular system and be able to replace hardware or software modules that don’t satisfy your needs. Sticking to the standards keeps you independent of smart card or reader manufacturers. While nothing is more important than a good and healthy relationship with your suppliers, hardware and software interfaces should be defined according to standards, whenever they exist.

The following list contains links to important smart card-related standards:
*ISO7816 identification card standard from the International Organization for Standardization.
*ISO 14443 RFID cards; contactless proximity cards operating at 13.56 MHz in up to 5 inches distance.
*ISO 15693 RFID cards; contactless vicinity cards operating at 13.56 MHz in up to 50 inches distance.
*EMV 2000 version 4.00, Europay, MasterCard and Visa worked jointly over the last few years to develop specifications that define a set of requirements to ensure interoperability between chip cards and terminals on a global basis, regardless of the manufacturer, the financial institution, or where the card is used. The latest version of the specifications, EMV 2000 version 4.0, was published in December 2000. It is envisaged that the specifications will in the near future be supplemented with support for lower voltage cards and a definition of a contact-less interface to EMV chip cards.
*PC/SC Builds upon existing industry smart card standards – ISO7816 and EMV – and complements them by defining low-level device interfaces and device-independent application APIs as well as resource management, to allow multiple applications to share smart card devices attached to a system.
*GSM 11.11 & 1.14, Global System for Mobile Telecommunications standard.

Smart Cards

Smart Cards
Among our array of different plastic cards, smart cards are one of our specialities.Smart cards includes a memory chipset and can be used to store data/information for various software applications.

We provide smart cards
Blank Smart Card, without printing.
Smart Card with offset printing.
Smart Card with Screen Printing.
Smart Card with speciality security printing.
Smart card With personalized digital printing, with photo and other details.

We provide all kinds of smart cards:
Contact Type – Chip Card with memory of 256 Bytes, 1 KB, 4 KB, 32 KB, 64 KB. Viz., SLE 4428, SLE 4442, SLE 4452, Scosta Card, Micrporocessor Card.
Contactless Card – RFID Card with memory of 1 Kb, 4 KB Viz., Proximity Card, Clamshell Card, Mifare Card, Desfire Card.
Magnetic Stripe Card – Magnetic Stripe Cards similar to Bank ATM Cards with both Hi-Co and Lo-co Tapes.
Smart cards provided by us are of high quality and durability and backed by our fail proof guarantee.

How Smart Cards Work?

How Smart Cards Work?
A smart card is a plastic card about the size of a credit card, with an embedded microchip that can be loaded with data, used for telephone calling, electronic cash payments, and other applications, and then periodically refreshed for additional use. Currently or soon, you may be able to use a smart card to:

smart card * Dial a connection on a mobile telephone and be charged on a per-call basis
smart card * Establish your identity when logging on to an Internet access provider or to an online bank
smart card * Pay for parking at parking meters or to get on subways, trains, or buses
smart card * Give hospitals or doctors personal data without filling out a form
smart card * Make small purchases at electronic stores on the Web (a kind of cybercash)
smart card * Buy gasoline at a gasoline station

How Smart Cards Work?
A smart card contains more information than a magnetic stripe card and it can be programmed for different applications. Some cards can contain programming and data to support multiple applications and some can be updated to add new applications after they are issued. ,Smart cards can be designed to be inserted into a slot and read by a special reader or to be read at a distance, such as at a toll booth. Cards can be disposable (as at a trade-show) or reloadable (for most applications).

An industry standard interface between programming and PC hardware in a smart card has been defined by the PC/SC Working Group, representing Microsoft, IBM, Bull, Schlumberger, and other interested companies. Another standard is called OpenCard. There are two leading smart card operating systems: JavaCard and MULTOS.

SLE4442 Secure Memory Smart Cards

SLE4442 Secure Memory Smart Cards
SLE4442 is the most common chip that used in security area. SLE 4442 provides a security code logic which controls the write/erase access to the memory. For this purpose the SLE 4442 contains a 4-byte security memory with an Error Counter EC (bit 0 to bit 2) and 3 bytes reference data. These 3 bytes as a whole are called Programmable Security Code (PSC). After power on the whole memory, except for the reference data, can only be read. Only after a successful comparison of verification data with the internal reference data the memory has the identical access functionality of the SLE 4432 until the power is switched off. After three successive unsuccessful comparisons the Error Counter blocks any subsequent attempt and hence any possibility to write and erase.

> 256 × 8-bit EEPROM organization
> Byte-wise addressing
> Irreversible byte-wise write protection of lowest 32 addresses (Byte 0 … 31)
> 32 × 1-bit organization of protection memory
> Two-wire link protocol
> End of processing indicated at data output
> Answer-to-Reset acc. to ISO standard 7816-3
> Programming time 2.5 ms per byte for both erasing and writing
> Contact configuration and serial interface in accordance with ISO standard 7816

Smart Card Technology

A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC) is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits.
Smart cards can provide identification, authentication, data storage and application processing. Smart cards may provide strong security authentication for single sign-on (SSO) within large organizations.

Contactless smart cards that do not require physical contact between card and reader are becoming increasingly popular for payment and ticketing applications such as mass transit and motorway tolls. Visa and MasterCard have agreed to an easy-to-implement version that was deployed in 2004–2006 in the USA. Most contactless fare collection implementations are custom and incompatible, though the MIFARE Standard card from NXP Semiconductors has a considerable market share in the US and Europe.

Smart cards are also being introduced in personal identification and entitlement schemes at regional, national, and international levels. Citizen cards, drivers’ licenses, and patient card schemes are appearing. In Malaysia, the compulsory national ID scheme MyKad includes eight different applications and has 18 million users. Contactless smart cards are part of ICAO biometric passports to enhance security for international travel.

Smart Card Attributes and Limitations
#.Growth area of AIDC technologies
#.Growing and fairly substantial support base for applications
#.Read/write and processing technology
#.Contact or close proximity (contactless cards) read capability
#.Medium to reasonably high data storage capabilities
#.Relatively low cost cards and read technology
#.Enhanced security capabilities over other card-based technologies, offering selective access to data and areas of read-only data.
#.Encryption is used to further enhance security.